What is Modern Nordic Walking? See the new, lively presentation video:


International Modern Nordic Walking Convention in Bratislava, Slovakia, in autumn 2022!



Video: "Greetings to the community of Modern Nordic Walking!"


An important Statement published by ICNW: Pole walking - Nordic Walking - Modern Nordic Walking: Definitions, a brief history, and the development of the discipline.



The 20th Anniversary Celebrations of Nordic Walking in Finland, August 4-6, 2017. The summary of the historical International Nordic Walking Congress and the official video of the whole event:

see them here.


Respecting the past, working for the future!

International Council of

Nordic Walking

A scientific organization to boost Nordic Walking

research, education and overall development worldwide


ICNW closely monitors the general international research activities in sports science and sports medicine, as well as the specific researches on Nordic Walking / pole walking. ICNW also actively participates in various research projects.

The aim to is apply as quickly as possible the latest scientific research results relevant to the discipline to Modern Nordic Walking education and teaching.

Scientific research on Nordic Walking

Hundreds of scientific research articles on Nordic Walking / pole walking have been published during the last 20 years all over the world. To search and to read them, keywords like "nordic walking", "pole walking" and "nordic pole walking", or even "trekking", can be used on databases like Medline (Pubmed), Cochrane (Cochrane Library) and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro).


Pole Walking Is Faster but Not Cheaper During Steep Uphill Walking. Giovanelli N, Mari L, Patini A, Lazzer S. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2022 Mar 22:1-7. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2021-0274. Online ahead of print.

Aerobic exercise in patients with haemophilia: A systematic review on safety, feasibility and health effects. Tomschi F, Ransmann P, Hilberg T. Haemophilia. 2022 Feb 28. doi: 10.1111/hae.14522. Online ahead of print.

Impact of 12-Week Moderate-Intensity Aerobic Training on Inflammasome Complex Activation in Elderly Women. Gomarasca M, Micielska K, Faraldi M, Flis M, Perego S, Banfi G, Ziemann E, Lombardi G. Front Physiol. 2022 Feb 22;13:792859. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2022.792859. eCollection 2022.

Samba, deep water, and poles: a framework for exercise prescription in Parkinson's disease. Peyré-Tartaruga LA, Martinez FG, Zanardi APJ, Casal MZ, Donida RG, Delabary MS, Passos-Monteiro E, Coertjens M, Haas AN. Sport Sci Health. 2022 Feb 17:1-9. doi: 10.1007/s11332-022-00894-4. Online ahead of print.

Margins of stability and trunk coordination during Nordic walking. Peyré-Tartaruga LA, Boccia G, Feijó Martins V, Zoppirolli C, Bortolan L, Pellegrini B. J Biomech. 2022 Feb 15;134:111001. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2022.111001. Online ahead of print.

Biomechanical responses of Nordic walking in people with Parkinson's disease. Leal-Nascimento AH, da Silva ES, Zanardi APJ, Ivaniski-Mello A, Passos-Monteiro E, Martinez FG, Rodrigo de Carvalho A, Baptista RR, Peyré-Tartaruga LA. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2022 Feb;32(2):290-297. doi: 10.1111/sms.14095.

The effects of high-intensity interval training, Nordic walking and moderate-to-vigorous intensity continuous training on functional capacity, depression and quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease enrolled in cardiac rehabilitation: A randomized controlled trial (CRX study). Reed JL, Terada T, Cotie LM, Tulloch HE, Leenen FH, Mistura M, Hans H, Wang HW, Vidal-Almela S, Reid RD, Pipe AL. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2022 Jan-Feb;70:73-83. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2021.07.002.

Energetics and Mechanics of Steep Treadmill Versus Overground Pole Walking: A Pilot Study. Giovanelli N, Mari L, Patini A, Lazzer S. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2022 Jan 10:1-4. doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2021-0252. Online ahead of print.

Novel walking pole gait pattern improves activity in an older adult with chronic low back pain. Prost EL, Abbott CC, Dannecker EA, Willis BW. BMJ Case Rep. 2021 Dec 17;14(12):e245807. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2021-245807.

Nordic Walking Rather Than High Intensity Interval Training Reduced Myostatin Concentration More Effectively in Elderly Subjects and the Range of This Drop Was Modified by Metabolites of Vitamin D. Micielska K, Flis M, Kortas JA, Rodziewicz-Flis E, Antosiewicz J, Wochna K, Lombardi G, Ziemann E. Nutrients. 2021 Dec 8;13(12):4393. doi: 10.3390/nu13124393.

Walking Pole Gait to Reduce Joint Loading post Total Knee Athroplasty: Musculoskeletal modeling Approach. Mazumder O, Poduval M, Ghose A, Sinha A. Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2021 Nov;2021:4605-4610. doi: 10.1109/EMBC46164.2021.9630849.

In vivo analysis of hip joint loading on Nordic walking novices. Palmowski Y, Popovic S, Schuster SG, Hardt S, Damm P. J Orthop Surg Res. 2021 Oct 14;16(1):596. doi: 10.1186/s13018-021-02741-7.

Process evaluation of a complex workplace intervention to prevent musculoskeletal pain in nursing staff: results from INTEVAL_Spain. Soler-Font M, Ramada JM, Merelles A, Amat A, de la Flor C, Martínez O, Palma-Vasquez C, Sancho C, Peña P, Bültmann U, van Zon SKR, Serra C. BMC Nurs. 2021 Oct 6;20(1):189. doi: 10.1186/s12912-021-00716-x.

Whole-Body EMS Superimposed Walking and Nordic Walking on a Treadmill-Determination of Exercise Intensity to Conventional Exercise. Verch R, Stoll J, Hadzic M, Quarmby A, Völler H. Front Physiol. 2021 Oct 4;12:715417. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.715417. eCollection 2021.

Effects of an unsupervised Nordic walking intervention on cognitive and physical function among older women engaging in volunteer activity. Nemoto Y, Sakurai R, Ogawa S, Maruo K, Fujiwara Y. J Exerc Sci Fit. 2021 Oct;19(4):209-215. doi: 10.1016/j.jesf.2021.06.002. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

The Influence of Nordic Walking on Spinal Posture, Physical Function, and Back Pain in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Pilot Study. Huang YH, Fang IY, Kuo YL. Healthcare (Basel). 2021 Sep 30;9(10):1303. doi: 10.3390/healthcare9101303.

Nordic Walking at Maximal Fat Oxidation Intensity Decreases Circulating Asprosin and Visceral Obesity in Women With Metabolic Disorders. Kantorowicz M, Szymura J, Szygula Z, Kusmierczyk J, Maciejczyk M, Wiecek M. Front Physiol. 2021 Sep 3;12:726783. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2021.726783. eCollection 2021.

Influence of Nordic Walking Training on Vitamin D Level in the Blood and Quality of Life among Women Aged 65-74. Podsiadło S, Skiba A, Kałuża A, Ptaszek B, Stożek J, Skiba A, Marchewka A. Healthcare (Basel). 2021 Sep 2;9(9):1146. doi: 10.3390/healthcare9091146.

The Impact of Nordic Walking on Bone Properties in Postmenopausal Women with Pre-Diabetes and Non-Alcohol Fatty Liver Disease. Du X, Zhang C, Zhang X, Qi Z, Cheng S, Le S. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jul 16;18(14):7570. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18147570.

Diet, Probiotics and Physical Activity: The Right Allies for a Healthy Microbiota. Divella R, DE Palma G, Tufaro A, Pelagio G, Gadaleta-Caldarola G, Bringiotti R, Paradiso A. Anticancer Res. 2021 Jun;41(6):2759-2772. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.15057.

Trekking Poles to Aid Multiple Sclerosis Walking Impairment: An Exploratory Comparison of the Effects of Assistive Devices on Psychosocial Impact and Walking. Cohen ET, Huser S, Barone K, Barone DA. Int J MS Care. 2021 May-Jun;23(3):135-141. doi: 10.7224/1537-2073.2020-064. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

The Effects of Nordic Walking Compared to Conventional Walking on Aerobic Capacity and Lipid Profile in Women Over 55 Years of Age. Witkowska A, Grabara M, Kopeć D, Nowak Z. J Phys Act Health. 2021 Apr 21;18(6):669-676. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2020-0182. Print 2021 Jun 1.

Gait changes after supervised exercise training in patients with symptomatic lower extremity peripheral artery disease. Lanzi S, Boichat J, Calanca L, Aubertin P, Malatesta D, Mazzolai L. Vasc Med. 2021 Jun;26(3):259-266. doi: 10.1177/1358863X20984831.

Effects of a One-week Vacation with Various Activity Programs on Metabolism and Adipokines. Neumayr G, Engler C, Lunger L, Lechleitner P. Int J Sports Med. 2021 Jun;42(8):703-707. doi: 10.1055/a-1297-4669.

Non-pharmacologic interventions to treat apathy in Parkinson's disease: A realist review. Mele B, Ismail Z, Goodarzi Z, Pringsheim T, Lew G, Holroyd-Leduc J. Clin Park Relat Disord. 2021 May 25;4:100096. doi: 10.1016/j.prdoa.2021.100096. eCollection 2021.

Exercise in patients with hip osteoarthritis - effects on muscle and functional performance: A randomized trial. Bieler T, Kristensen ALR, Nyberg M, Magnusson SP, Kjaer M, Beyer N. Physiother Theory Pract. 2021 May 6:1-12. doi: 10.1080/09593985.2021.1923096. Online ahead of print.

Prolonged unsupervised Nordic walking and walking exercise following six months of supervision in adults with overweight and obesity: A randomised clinical trial. Muollo V, Rossi AP, Milanese C, Zamboni M, Rosa R, Schena F, Pellegrini B. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2021 Apr 9;31(4):1247-1256. doi: 10.1016/j.numecd.2020.12.012.

Anomalous origin of right coronary artery with interarterial course revealed by effort angina: case report. Regragui H, El Boussaadani B, Benajiba C, Bouhdadi H, Wazaren H, Cherti M. Pan Afr Med J. 2021 Apr 6;38:327. doi: 10.11604/pamj.2021.38.327.26266. eCollection 2021.

Nordic Walking and Walking in Parkinson's disease: a randomized single-blind controlled trial. Granziera S, Alessandri A, Lazzaro A, Zara D, Scarpa A. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2021 Apr;33(4):965-971. doi: 10.1007/s40520-020-01617-w.

Accuracy of Wearable Devices for Measuring Heart Rate During Conventional and Nordic Walking. Baek S, Ha Y, Park HW. PM R. 2021 Apr;13(4):379-386. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12424.

The Effect of Nordic Walking Training with Poles with an Integrated Resistance Shock Absorber on the Body Balance of Women over the Age of 60. Marciniak K, Maciaszek J, Cyma-Wejchenig M, Szeklicki R, Stemplewski R. Healthcare (Basel). 2021 Mar 2;9(3):267. doi: 10.3390/healthcare9030267.

The Influence of Nordic Walking on Isokinetic Trunk Muscle Endurance and Sagittal Spinal Curvatures in Women after Breast Cancer Treatment: Age-Specific Indicators. Hanuszkiewicz J, Woźniewski M, Malicka I. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Mar 2;18(5):2409. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18052409.

Twenty-one sports activities are recommended by the European Knee Associates (EKA) six months after total knee arthroplasty. Thaler M, Khosravi I, Putzer D, Hirschmann MT, Kort N, Tandogan RN, Liebensteiner M. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2021 Mar;29(3):694-709. doi: 10.1007/s00167-020-06400-y.

Estimation of energy expenditure of Nordic walking: a crossover trial. Baek S, Ha Y. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil. 2021 Feb 19;13(1):14. doi: 10.1186/s13102-021-00240-0.

The Effects of Walking or Nordic Walking in Adults 50 Years and Older at Elevated Risk of Fractures: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Rodrigues IB, Ponzano M, Butt DA, Bartley J, Bardai Z, Ashe MC, Chilibeck PD, Thabane L, Wark JD, Stapleton J, Giangregorio LM. J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Feb 11;29(5):886-899. doi: 10.1123/japa.2020-0262.

Hip Arthroplasty with Increased Expectancy. Thiele K, Hube R. Z Orthop Unfall. 2021 Feb;159(1):91-97. doi: 10.1055/a-1019-8053.

Comparison of Three Physical-Cognitive Training Programs in Healthy Older Adults: A Study Protocol for a Monocentric Randomized Trial. Torre MM, Langeard A, Hugues N, Laurin J, Temprado JJ. Brain Sci. 2021 Jan 6;11(1):66. doi: 10.3390/brainsci11010066.

[Personalization of Nordic walking programs in a sanatorium-type medical center]. Nezhkina NN, Kuligin OV, Spivak EM, Kizeev MV. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2021;98(4):42-48. doi: 10.17116/kurort20219804142. In Russian.

Quality of life in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy with increased physical activity. Bakaliuk TG, Маkarchuk NR, Stelmakh HO, Martynyuk LP, Strashko YY, Levytska LV. Wiad Lek. 2021;74(6):1302-1306.

[Nordic walking in winter as the multitask training in patients with Parkinson's disease]. Guseva OV, Zhukova NG. Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2021;121(1):38-42. doi: 10.17116/jnevro202112101138. In Russian.

Are Trekking Poles Helping or Hindering Your Hiking Experience? A Review. Hawke AL, Jensen RL. Wilderness Environ Med. 2020 Dec;31(4):482-488. doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2020.06.009.

Effects of diet combined with Nordic walking or walking programme on weight loss and arterial stiffness in postmenopausal overweight and obese women: The Walking and Aging Verona pilot study. Rossi AP, Muollo V, Fantin F, Masciocchi E, Urbani S, Taylor M, Caruso B, Milanese C, Capelli C, Schena F, Zamboni M. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2020 Dec;27(19):2208-2211. doi: 10.1177/2047487319877712.

Are Trekking Poles Helping or Hindering Your Hiking Experience? A Review. Hawke AL, Jensen RL. Wilderness Environ Med. 2020 Dec;31(4):482-488. doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2020.06.009.

Spatiotemporal characteristics of locomotor adaptation of walking with two handheld poles. Obata H, Ogawa T, Yokoyama H, Kaneko N, Nakazawa K. Exp Brain Res. 2020 Dec;238(12):2973-2982. doi: 10.1007/s00221-020-05954-0.

To see more studies and articles, use (for example) the words "nordic walking", "pole walking" and "nordic pole walking", or even "trekking", when searching on databases like Medline (Pubmed), Cochrane (Cochrane Library) and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro).

Mika Venojärvi (PhD, Adjunct Professor, Researcher at the University of Eastern Finland), is the Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of ICNW. He has participated in various Nordic Walking research projects, see one of the latest one here.