What is Modern Nordic Walking? See the new, lively presentation video:


Video: "Greetings to the community of Modern Nordic Walking!"


An important Statement published by ICNW: Pole walking - Nordic Walking - Modern Nordic Walking: Definitions, a brief history, and the development of the discipline.



The 20th Anniversary Celebrations of Nordic Walking in Finland, August 4-6, 2017. The summary of the historical International Nordic Walking Congress and the official video of the whole event:

see them here.


Respecting the past, working for the future!

International Council of

Nordic Walking

A scientific organization to boost Nordic Walking

research, education and overall development worldwide


ICNW closely monitors the general international research activities in sports science and sports medicine, as well as the specific researches on Nordic Walking / pole walking. ICNW also actively participates in various research projects.

The aim to is apply as quickly as possible the latest scientific research results relevant to the discipline to Modern Nordic Walking education and teaching.

Scientific research on Nordic Walking

Hundreds of scientific research articles on Nordic Walking / pole walking have been published during the last 20 years all over the world. To search and to read them, keywords like "nordic walking", "pole walking" and "nordic pole walking", or even "trekking", can be used on databases like Medline (Pubmed), Cochrane (Cochrane Library) and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro).


The VENERE Study: EffectiVenEss of a Rehabilitation Treatment With Nordic Walking in ObEse or OveRweight Diabetic PatiEnts With Cardiovascular Disease. Torri A, Volpato E, Merati G, Milani M, Toccafondi A, Formenti D, La Rosa F, Agostini S, Agliardi C, Oreni L, Sacco A, Rescaldani M, Lucreziotti S, Giglio A, Ferrante G, Barbaro M, Montalto C, Buratti S, Morici N. CJC Open. 2024 Jan 16;6(5):735-744. doi: 10.1016/j.cjco.2024.01.002. eCollection 2024 May.

Nordic walking and arm swing asymmetry in people with Parkinson's disease: protocol for a randomised clinical trial. Espinoza-Araneda J, Caparros-Manosalva C, da Cunha M, Marzuca-Nassr GN, Fritz-Silva N, Pagnussat AS. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2024 May 27;10(2):e002029. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2024-002029. eCollection 2024.

The Beneficial Effects of Nordic Walking Training Combined with Time-Restricted Eating 14/24 in Women with Abnormal Body Composition Depend on the Application Period. Czerwińska-Ledwig O, Kryst J, Ziemann E, Borkowska A, Reczkowicz J, Dzidek A, Rydzik Ł, Pałka T, Żychowska M, Kupczak W, Blaščáková MM, Piotrowska A. Nutrients. 2024 May 8;16(10):1413. doi: 10.3390/nu16101413.

The Impact of a 6-Week Nordic Walking Training Cycle and a 14-Hour Intermittent Fasting on Disease Activity Markers and Serum Levels of Wnt Pathway-Associated Proteins in Patients with Multiple Myeloma. Czerwińska-Ledwig O, Żychowska M, Jurczyszyn A, Kryst J, Deląg J, Borkowska A, Reczkowicz J, Pałka T, Bujas P, Piotrowska A. J Clin Med. 2024 May 8;13(10):2771. doi: 10.3390/jcm13102771.

Effects of nordic walking training on gait and exercise tolerance in male ischemic heart disease patients. Szpala A, Winiarski S, Kołodziej M, Jasiński R, Lejczak A, Kałka D, Lorek K, Bałchanowski J, Wudarczyk S, Woźniewski M, Pietraszewski B. Sci Rep. 2024 May 16;14(1):11249. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-62109-9.

Is an 8-Week Regimen of Nordic Walking Training Sufficient to Benefit Cognitive Performance in Healthy Older Adults? A Pilot Study. Torre MM, Carrubba C, Langeard A, Hugues N, Laurin J, Temprado JJ. J Clin Med. 2024 Feb 21;13(5):1235. doi: 10.3390/jcm13051235.

Iron status determined changes in health measures induced by nordic walking with time-restricted eating in older adults- a randomised trial. Kortas JA, Reczkowicz J, Juhas U, Ziemann E, Świątczak A, Prusik K, Olszewski S, Soltani N, Rodziewicz-Flis E, Flis D, Żychowska M, Gałęzowska G, Antosiewicz J. BMC Geriatr. 2024 Mar 29;24(1):300. doi: 10.1186/s12877-024-04876-8.

Effects of Aerobic Exercise Therapy through Nordic Walking Program in Lactate Concentrations, Fatigue and Quality-of-Life in Patients with Long-COVID Syndrome: A Non-Randomized Parallel Controlled Trial. Laguarta-Val S, Varillas-Delgado D, Lizcano-Álvarez Á, Molero-Sánchez A, Melian-Ortiz A, Cano-de-la-Cuerda R, Jiménez-Antona C. J Clin Med. 2024 Feb 11;13(4):1035. doi: 10.3390/jcm13041035.

Flexibility and Strength Effects of Adapted Nordic Walking and Myofascial Exercises Practice in Breast Cancer Survivors and Analysis of Differences. Morano T, Lancia F, Di Marco A, Viscioni G, Bucci I, Grossi S, Pellegrino R, Cugusi L, Grassadonia A, Manca A, Bullo V, Di Giminiani R, Izzicupo P, Di Baldassarre A, Fusco A, Cortis C, Napolitano G, Di Blasio A. Healthcare (Basel). 2024 Jan 16;12(2):222. doi: 10.3390/healthcare12020222.

Effects of Nordic walking on endurance, fatigue, and quality of life in people with post-COVID syndrome. A case series study. Cano-de-la-Cuerda R, Jiménez-Antona C, Navarro-López V, Laguarta-Val S. Aten Primaria. 2024 Mar;56(3):102849. doi: 10.1016/j.aprim.2023.102849. Epub 2024 Jan 13.

Effect of Bicycle Ergometer Training and Nordic Walking Training on Improving Functional Exercise Capacity in Asthma Patients. Sivagnanam R, Krishnan R, Ramamoorthy J, Karthikeyan S, Sankaranarayanan S, Kumar G, Janet A, Sudhakar S, Govindaraj MK, Kirthika S V. Cureus. 2023 Nov 30;15(11):e49762. doi: 10.7759/cureus.49762. eCollection 2023 Nov.

The effects of Brazilian dance, deep-water exercise and nordic walking, pre- and post-12 weeks, on functional-motor and non-motor symptoms in trained PwPD. Haas AN, Delabary MDS, Passos-Monteiro E, Wolffenbuttel M, Donida RG, Casal MZ, Zanardi APJ, Rodrigues LP, Martinez FG, Peyré-Tartaruga LA. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2023 Nov 30;118:105285. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2023.105285. Online ahead of print.

A Simple Exercise Program for Patients With End-Stage Kidney Disease to Improve Strength and Quality of Life: Clinical Research Protocol. Suri RS, Moist L, Lok C, Clase CM, Harris J, Reid RD, Ramsay T, Zimmerman D. Can J Kidney Health Dis. 2023 Oct 26;10:20543581231205160. doi: 10.1177/20543581231205160. eCollection 2023.

Mechatronic Pole System for Monitoring the Correctness of Nordic Walking. Wudarczyk S, Woźniewski M, Szpala A, Winiarski S, Bałchanowski J. Sensors (Basel). 2023 Oct 13;23(20):8436. doi: 10.3390/s23208436.

The Effect of a Six-Week Nordic Walking Training Cycle on Oxidative Damage of Macromolecules and Iron Metabolism in Older Patients with Multiple Myeloma in Remission-Randomized Clinical Trial. Czerwińska-Ledwig O, Jurczyszyn A, Piotrowska A, Pilch W, Antosiewicz J, Żychowska M. Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Oct 19;24(20):15358. doi: 10.3390/ijms242015358.

Impact of walk advice alone or in combination with supervised or home-based structured exercise on patient-reported physical function and generic and disease-specific health related quality of life in patients with intermittent claudication, a secondary analysis in a randomized clinical trial. Sandberg A, Bäck M, Cider Å, Jivegård L, Sigvant B, Nordanstig J. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2023 Oct 23;21(1):114. doi: 10.1186/s12955-023-02198-8.

Cognitive and biomarker responses in healthy older adults to a 18-hole golf round and different walking types: a randomised cross-over study. Kettinen J, Tikkanen H, Hiltunen M, Murray A, Horn N, Taylor WR, Venojärvi M. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2023 Oct 12;9(4):e001629. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2023-001629. eCollection 2023.

Nordic Walking training in BungyPump form improves cognitive functions and physical performance and induces changes in amino acids and kynurenine profiles in older adults. Rodziewicz-Flis E, Juhas U, Kortas JA, Jaworska J, Bidzan-Bluma I, Babińska A, Micielska K, Żychowska M, Lombardi G, Antosiewicz J, Ziemann E. Front Endocrinol (Lausanne). 2023 Sep 11;14:1151184. doi: 10.3389/fendo.2023.1151184. eCollection 2023.

Physiological Responses Associated with Nordic-Walking and Walking in Middle-age Women. Wiacek M, Natora J, Zubrzycki IZ, Tomasiuk R. Int J Sports Med. 2023 Nov;44(12):865-870. doi: 10.1055/a-2134-3769. Epub 2023 Sep 26.

[Impact of nordic walking on rehabilitation of the patients after COVID-19]. Rasina IS, Priimak EV, Kazantseva MA. Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2023;100(4):39-45. doi: 10.17116/kurort202310004139. In Russian.

Cost-Effectiveness of Exercise Therapy in Patients with Intermittent Claudication-A Comparison of Supervised Exercise, Home-Based Structured Exercise, and Walk Advice from the SUNFIT Trial. Ulfsdottir H, Bäck M, Cider Å, Jivegård L, Sandberg A, Nordanstig J, Svensson M. J Clin Med. 2023 Aug 14;12(16):5277. doi: 10.3390/jcm12165277.

The Effects of Cardiac Rehabilitation including Nordic Walking in Patients with Chronic Coronary Syndromes after Percutaneous Coronary Interventions in Elective Mode. Januszek R, Kocik B, Siłka W, Gregorczyk-Maga I, Mika P. Medicina (Kaunas). 2023 Jul 24;59(7):1355. doi: 10.3390/medicina59071355.

The Impact of Nordic Pole Walk Advice Alone or in Combination With Exercise Strategies on Daily Physical Activity in Patients With Intermittent Claudication: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Sandberg A, Nordanstig J, Cider Å, Jivegård L, Hagströmer M, Bäck M. Phys Ther. 2023 Nov 4;103(11):pzad086. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzad086.

Assessing the Feasibility and Acceptability of a Primary Care Socio-Ecological Approach to Improve Physical Activity Adherence among People with Type 2 Diabetes: The SENWI Project. Jabardo-Camprubí G, Puig-Ribera A, Donat-Roca R, Farrés-Godayol P, Nazar-Gonzalez S, Sitjà-Rabert M, Espelt A, Bort-Roig J. Healthcare (Basel). 2023 Jun 21;11(13):1815. doi: 10.3390/healthcare11131815.

Do poles really "save the legs" during uphill pole walking at different intensities? Giovanelli N, Pellegrini B, Bortolan L, Mari L, Schena F, Lazzer S. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2023 Dec;123(12):2803-2812. doi: 10.1007/s00421-023-05254-9. Epub 2023 Jul 1.

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Nordic Walking and a Resistance Indoor Training Program: Anthropometric, Body Composition, and Functional Parameters in the Middle-Aged Population. Grigoletto A, Mauro M, Toselli S. J Funct Morphol Kinesiol. 2023 Jun 15;8(2):79. doi: 10.3390/jfmk8020079.

Prehabilitation in Patients With Breast Cancer Receiving Neoadjuvant Therapy to Minimize Musculoskeletal Postoperative Complications and Enhance Recovery (PREOPtimize): A Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. Casanovas-Álvarez A, Sebio-Garcia R, Ciendones M, Cuartero J, Estanyol B, Padrós J, García-Valdecasas B, Barnadas A, Masia J. Phys Ther. 2023 Sep 1;103(9):pzad062. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzad062.

Effects of Nordic walking in Alzheimer's disease: A single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial. Angiolillo A, Leccese D, Ciccotelli S, Di Cesare G, D'Elia K, Aurisano N, Matrone C, Dentizzi C, Di Costanzo A. Heliyon. 2023 Apr 28;9(5):e15865. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e15865. eCollection 2023 May.

Do Mechatronic Poles Change the Gait Technique of Nordic Walking in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease? Szpala A, Winiarski S, Kołodziej M, Pietraszewski B, Jasiński R, Niebudek T, Lejczak A, Kałka D, Lorek K, Bałchanowski K, Wudarczyk S, Woźniewski M. Appl Bionics Biomech. 2023 Jun 1;2023:1135733. doi: 10.1155/2023/1135733. eCollection 2023.

Effect of Nordic Walking Training on Walking Capacity and Quality of Life for People With Multiple Sclerosis. Santoyo-Medina C, Janer Cabo M, Xaudaró DF, Sanmillan GL, Sanchez Pous S, Cartaña IG, Meza Murillo ER, Sastre-Garriga J, Montalban X. Int J MS Care. 2023 May-Jun;25(3):118-123. doi: 10.7224/1537-2073.2021-070. Epub 2022 Oct 17.

The Impact of Nordic Walking Pole Length on Gait Kinematic Parameters. Russo L, Belli G, Di Blasio A, Lupu E, Larion A, Fischetti F, Montagnani E, Di Biase Arrivabene P, De Angelis M. J Funct Morphol Kinesiol. 2023 Apr 26;8(2):50. doi: 10.3390/jfmk8020050.

Nordic Walking in Water on Cerebrovascular Reactivity and Cognitive Function in Elderly Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Ploydang T, Khovidhunkit W, Tanaka H, Suksom D. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2023 Oct 1;55(10):1803-1811. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000003216. Epub 2023 May 19.

Effect of Nordic Walking Training on Physical Fitness and Self-Assessment of Health of People with Chronic Non-Specific Lower Back Pain. Saulicz M, Saulicz A, Myśliwiec A, Knapik A, Rottermund J, Saulicz E. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2023 May 4;20(9):5720. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20095720.

A Review of Biomechanical and Physiological Effects of Using Poles in Sports. Saller M, Nagengast N, Frisch M, Fuss FK. Bioengineering (Basel). 2023 Apr 21;10(4):497. doi: 10.3390/bioengineering10040497.

Changes in cortisol awakening responses (CAR) in menopausal women through short-term marine healing retreat program with specific factors affecting each CAR index. Moon Y, Lee E, Lee S, Son GI, Byeon H, Shin HR, Bolortsetseg B. PLoS One. 2023 Apr 19;18(4):e0284627. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0284627. eCollection 2023.

Effects of aerobic exercise on metabolic indicators and physical performance in adult NAFLD patients: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. Liu Y, Xie W, Li J, Ossowski Z. Medicine (Baltimore). 2023 Apr 7;102(14):e33147. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000033147.

Effectiveness of nordic walking in patients with asthma: A study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. Vilanova-Pereira M, Jácome C, Rial Prado MJ, Barral-Fernández M, Blanco Aparicio M, Fontán García-Boente L, Lista-Paz A. PLoS One. 2023 Mar 9;18(3):e0281007. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0281007. eCollection 2023.

The Effect of Exercise Modalities on Walking Capacity in Patients With Intermittent Claudication: A NETWORK META-ANALYSIS. Tremblay R, Marcotte-Chénard A, Hamelin-Morrissette J, Poirier L, Perron PN, Durivage A, Mampuya WM, Huard G, Riesco E. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2023 Sep 1;43(5):318-328. doi: 10.1097/HCR.0000000000000780. Epub 2023 Mar 8.

Feasibility of hybrid telerehabilitation as a component of the Managed Care after Acute Myocardial Infarction (MC-AMI) program in a 12-month follow-up: experience from a single center. Orzechowski P, Kowalik I, Piotrowicz E. Pol Arch Intern Med. 2023 Sep 29;133(9):16456. doi: 10.20452/pamw.16456. Epub 2023 Mar 6.

Improving work life balance among female educationists during the COVID-19 lockdown. Deepa S, Kumaresan A, Suganthirabab P, Srinivasan V, Vishnuram S, Alagesan J, Krishnan Vasanthi R. Work. 2023;75(2):413-421. doi: 10.3233/WOR-220063.

Exercise sustains motor function in Parkinson's disease: Evidence from 109 randomized controlled trials on over 4,600 patients. Zhang M, Li F, Wang D, Ba X, Liu Z. Front Aging Neurosci. 2023 Feb 14;15:1071803. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2023.1071803. eCollection 2023

Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training, Moderate-to-Vigorous Intensity Continuous Training, and Nordic Walking on Functional Fitness in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. Terada T, Cotie L, Noda T, Vidal-Almela S, O'Neill CD, Reed JL. J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev. 2023 May 1;43(3):224-226. doi: 10.1097/HCR.0000000000000775. Epub 2023 Mar 2.

The Effects of Nordic Walking with Poles with an Integrated Resistance Shock Absorber on Red Blood Cell Distribution and Cardiorespiratory Efficiency in Postmenopausal Women-A Randomized Controlled Trial. Sobczak K, Nowinka P, Wochna K, Domaszewska K. Biology (Basel). 2023 Jan 23;12(2):179. doi: 10.3390/biology12020179.

Golf ist gesünder als Nordic Walking. Bublak R. MMW Fortschr Med. 2023 Mar;165(4):10. doi: 10.1007/s15006-023-2414-1.

Comparative effectiveness of playing golf to Nordic walking and walking on acute physiological effects on cardiometabolic markers in healthy older adults: a randomised cross-over study. Kettinen J, Tikkanen H, Venojärvi M. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2023 Jan 4;9(1):e001474. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2022-001474. eCollection 2023.

Does Nordic Walking technique influence the ground reaction forces? Encarnación-Martínez A, Catalá-Vilaplana I, Aparicio I, Sanchis-Sanchis R, Priego-Quesada JI, Jimenez-Perez I, Pérez-Soriano P. Gait Posture. 2023 Mar;101:35-40. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2023.01.017. Epub 2023 Jan 26.

To see more studies and articles, use (for example) the words "nordic walking", "pole walking" and "nordic pole walking", or even "trekking", when searching on databases like Medline (Pubmed), Cochrane (Cochrane Library) and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro).

Mika Venojärvi (PhD, Adjunct Professor, Researcher at the University of Eastern Finland), is the Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of ICNW. He has participated in various Nordic Walking research projects.